Vernaccia di San Gimignano is a white wine, produced in a small area of ​​Tuscany between Siena, Pisa and Florence coincides with the municipality of San Gimignano, known and appreciated all over the world. It is controlled and guaranteed by the Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin (DOCG) and was the first Italian wine to receive the mark of Controlled Denomination of Origin (DOC) in 1966
The origin of the name Vernaccia is rather uncertain, probably takes its name from the Latin Vernaculum (= place), other situations, such as the seventeenth-century poet Mark Transparencies, would derive its name from Verno, cold. According to the Treccani vocabulary derives from the name Vernazza, Cinque Terre village, where it was produced a wine of the same name since the Middle Ages. [1] This wine has its roots a long time ago, as evidenced by various historical documents, literary and official acts.
The beginning of its production is located around 1200 at the hands of a certain Vieri de ‘Bardi and his sons. The first official document dates back to 1276, and is of the Ordinances of the City of San Gimignano Gabella, showing that the sale of this wine was already thriving and profitable it is obliged to pay a tax of three money per pack Vernaccia exported outside the town. It is evident that the end of the thirteenth century, Grenache was already a fine wine, this the best tables of the nobility of the time. The Dante Alighieri in his Divine Comedy wandering among the gluttons of Purgatory, he meets Pope Martin IV guilty of being won too often the desire of Vernaccia “These and pointing with his finger, is Buonagiunta. Buonagiunta Lucca: and that face IA from him than the other quilt held the holy Church and her arms: From Tours was he, and purges by his fasting Bolsena’s eels and the Vernaccia “(Purgatorio XIV 0.19 to 24)
A judgment polished arrives today via “the nature of Wines and Travels of Paul III,” which states that the Pope’s personal bottler in the letter order of 80 bottles to the town of San Gimignano, he regretted his insufficient production: “… it is a perfect drink for lords and is a great pity that this place does not do much …” (From “the nature of Wines and Travels of Paul III, described by Sante Lancerio, its bottler”).
In 1468, the Vernaccia is to cheer the guests at the wedding feast of the Medici-Rucellai, then the meals of Lorenzo the Magnificent documented by continuous written requests made to the town of San Gimignano.